Whether you live in the icy high latitudes or just love the snow the few times a year your region sees it, having a dog who thrives in the snow is a nice bonus. The best dog breeds for cold weather may not all look alike, and some may surprise you, but we looked at a variety of factors in order to narrow down a list. Some of these breeds are obvious snow dogs, while others you may not consider snow dogs but will enjoy winters just as much as you. If you’re looking to add an adventurous furry companion to the household, but need a dog who can handle frigid temperatures and winter snow, consider these seven exceptional dog breeds for cold weather.
Bernese Mountain Dog
A thick double coat offers the Bernese Mountain Dog plenty of protection from the harsh winter chill. Berners love to play, and they’re more comfortable in the cold than in the heat. Good luck getting this lovable ball of fluff inside when there’s snow on the ground. As a working breed used historically for pulling carts, your Berner may even tow sleds back to the top of the hill.
German Shorthaired Pointer
The term ‘shorthaired’ in the name doesn’t mean the German Shorthaired Pointer can’t handle winter weather. Her dense, water-resistant coat protects her from cold, wind, and rain. This dedicated bird dog is delighted to join you outdoors any time of year. While an especially cold stretch may keep you both indoors, if you’re able to weather the conditions, she’s likely to accompany you. The GSP doesn’t have as much insulation as other breeds, so she may benefit from extra calories as the temperature drops.
The energetic Beagle is an outdoors-loving breed who prefers to spend his time wherever his people are. If he’s raised in a cooler climate his coat will adapt to offer extra protection. A dog jacket may help him on frigid days, but it’s not necessary during milder stretches throughout the season. Watching the tip of a Beagle’s tail wave above fresh powder as he creates his own trails is an unexpected delight.
The cold coast of Newfoundland is the origin of its namesake dog breed. St. John—where the Newfoundland breed was developed—boasts the distinction of being this Canadian province’s windiest, snowiest, and wettest city. This gentle giant is known as a courageous water rescue dog, developed to withstand icy water and frigid temperatures. Invite your Newfie along for winter escapades. He’s got the endurance for cold-weather adventures and also enjoys the thrill of peaking snowbanks at home.
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Considered the most rugged retriever, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is unconcerned by cold, winter weather. With a bloodline thick with weather-hardy waterfowl retrievers, the Chessie is no slouch when it comes to frigid temperatures. He’s not going to settle for a couple of balls tossed down the hallway just because snow is falling—this robust canine needs plenty of outdoor exercise, regardless of the weather. After a sufficient romp outdoors in the snow, the Chesapeake Bay Retriever is likely to take more than his fair share of the sofa.
The Siberian Husky—well known for his participation in the annual Iditarod—is often the first breed that comes to mind when it comes to winter weather readiness. A thick double coat keeps the husky warm even when temperatures plummet, a trait integral to his sled dog history. Should you consider picking up sled dog racing as a hobby, the husky is the dog for the job—but he’s also content to join you on a winter hike or chasing snowballs in the yard.
Larger, but quite similar to the Siberian Husky, the Alaskan Malamute hails from frigid northern climates. These original sled dogs were bred to haul heavy loads in the snow and it’s the snow where they seem to feel truly at home. Even if you think you’re the biggest fan of winter around, an Alaskan Malamute, or Mal, will probably give you a run for your money. From playing in the backyard snow piles to running with you on the cross-country ski trail, it’s tough to find a better dog breed for cold weather than the Malamute.
American Eskimo Dog
Originally known as the German Spitz and then the American Spitz, the American Eskimo dog has snow in its DNA. If you live in a snowy climate and own one of these spunky dogs, you had better love going outside in the winter. American Eskimo Dogs, or Eskies for short, will run laps around your snowy yard, so any chance to run on a trail or romp around an open field will be welcomed by this high-energy, winter-loving breed.
Is there anything the unflappable Labrador Retriever doesn’t love? If there’s an adventure to be had, she wants to be included. Luckily, this hardy breed has a double coat that keeps them warm and dry through a variety of weather conditions. The athletic Lab is perfectly happy to bounce through snow banks or splash through puddles—weather can’t stop the fun. When it’s time to head inside, she’ll keep your toes warm as you read by the fireplace.
Plenty of other breeds are perfectly happy in cold weather—including the winsome mixed-breed shelter dog. Before you bring a dog home, explore our Dog Breed Selector to discover which breed’s characteristics suit your lifestyle. Though a dog may be rugged enough for winter weather, they are not immune to frostbite, hypothermia, and other winter safety concerns. Some cold-loving breeds may not know their own limits, so it is important to watch for signs that your dog needs to warm up indoors.
Outdoors enthusiasts need a dog breed that can keep up even when fair weather turns to flurries. Cold winter weather is a fact of life in much of the country, including our home state of Vermont. As the bare trees accumulate a layer of glittering snow, winter recreation calls to us. We love getting outside with our dogs to enjoy the season in our snowshoes, cross-country skis, or hiking boots—and hope you will, too.
9 thoughts on “The 9 Best Dog Breeds for Cold Weather”
My border collie loves the snow and cheerfully herds animals in it all winter with his winter coat he can handle more cold then I can.
My Tibetan Terrier also loves the snow-rolls around in it in ecstasy!
You forgot the Samoyed. One of the ancient breeds. It is from Siberia like the Siberian Husky It used to pull
Sleds and herd reindeer . I would have included that as one of the first
they look to small to move a huge sled.
Nice article but I believe the Saint Bernard is the most cold-tolerant breed of dog. The breed was bred and created at the top of the Swiss Alps where there is snow year-round, horrible winds and blizzards. They are trained and bred to find lost travelers during these blizzards. I have had about six Saint Bernards and my current dog gets hot inside the house and wants to go lay outside in the snow or on the ice in sub-freezing temperatures. He never gets cold. One year I took him for a walk late at night when it was only 15F outside and snowing. He enjoyed it. Newfoundlands may be able to take wind, cold temperatures and cold water but they live at sea level. And most Saint Bernard breeders know that in the snow Newfoundlands get clumps of snow frozen to their fur so bad that they can become immobile. I even have a Saint Bernard breeder friend that lives in British Columbia, Canada. She keeps all of her Saint Bernards outside all year. One time she got two Newfoundlands and that is exactly what happened to them.
Lol the Great Pyrenees!!
Caucasian Ovcharka’s really are bread to live and work outside in the coldest environment
You also missed the dog which is arguably the most equipped to handle cold and snow: the Karelian Bear Dog. Look it up.