Tag Archives: fish facts

Fish Facts: Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)


Written by: Phil Monahan

Alaska is home to some of the largest native rainbows in the world.
Photo courtesy Crystal Creek Lodge

The most widely cultivated trout species in the world, rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are bred for sport and food, and they inhabit lakes and streams on every continent except . . .

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Fish Facts: Colorado River Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhyncus clarkii pleuriticus)


Written by: Phil Monahan

This Colorado River cutthroat, from southern Utah, displays dark, rich colors.
Photo by Mike Hadley

Considered one of the more beautiful trout in North America, the Colorado River cutthroat trout (Oncorhyncus clarkii pleuriticus) once inhabited the high-elevation streams and lakes of the Green . . .

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Fish Facts: Sculpins (genus Cottus)


Written by: Phil Monahan

Prickly sculpin (Cottus asper) demonstrates the classic sculpin shape: big head, wide fins, tapering body.
Photo by U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

Ever since Don Gapen tied the first Muddler Minnow in 1936, fly fishers have recognized that freshwater sculpins (genus Cottus) can be important forage fish for trout, and there are now . . .

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Fish Facts: Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)


Written by: Phil Monahan

Chris Fowler, who works at Orvis Austin, landed this beautiful grassy in Texas last summer.
Photo by Chris Fowler

Imported from eastern Asia, the invasive grass carp has established itself from coast to coast and is recognized as one of the toughest species to catch on a fly. While the last decade has . . .

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Fish Facts: Bonneville Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhyncus clarkii utah)


Written by: Phil Monahan

A relict of the prehistoric lake that covered the Great Basin of Utah, Nevada, and Idaho—and
once thought to be extinct—the Bonneville cutthroat is making a big comeback.
Photo by Phil Monahan

The state fish of Utah, the Bonneville cutthroat trout (Oncorhyncus clarkii utah) is a survivor, having endured a geological cataclysm—which splintered the population—as well as a . . .

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Fish Facts: Yellowstone Cutthroat Trout


Written by: Phil Monahan

The iconic species of our oldest national park, the Yellowstone cutthroat draws anglers from around the world.
Photo by USFWS

The names of many legendary fishing spots in Yellowstone National Park—Buffalo Ford, the Lamar Valley, the meadows of Slough Creek—are synonymous with big, native Yellowstone cutthroat . . .

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Fish Facts: Pink Salmon (Oncorhyncus gorbuscha)


Written by: Phil Monahan

The large hump in front of the dorsal fin on spawning males is the reason for the species’s nickname, “Humpy.”
Illustration by Timothy Knepp – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

In the angling community, the pink salmon (Oncorhyncus gorbuscha) is not generally held in the same high esteem as its cousins, the Chinook, coho, and sockeye. However, the sheer. . .

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Fish Facts: Largemouth Bass, a.k.a Ol’ Bucketmouth


Written by: Phil Monahan

Illustration by Duane Raver via USFWS

Among the more widely distributed game fish in North America, and now around the world, the largemouth bass is prized for its aggressive feeding habits and violent strikes. A big bass blowing up the water around a popper chugging across flat water is. . .

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Fish Facts: Chain Pickerel (Esox niger)


Written by: Phil Monahan

The classic chain pattern and dark bar below the eye are good ways to identify the chain pickerel.
Photo via dnr.cornell.edu

Northern pike are considered one of the premier big-game targets for fly fishers, but they can be tough to find and catch and live mostly in northern waters. Chain pickerel are generally smaller, . . .

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Fish Facts: Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha )


Written by: Phil Monahan

Alaska produces some monster kings, such as this Kanektok River beast.
Photo by Chris Morgan, www.twosherpas.com

Every June and July, anglers flock to Alaska for a chance to test their mettle—and their tackle—against king salmon, which regularly top 50 pounds and are muscular brutes after living at . . .

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