Written by: Stu Thompson
Fly tiers have come already come up with some truly amazing patterns that catch fish
Consistently, such as the Mickey Finn, Muddler Minnow, Humpy, Adams, Dahlberg’s
Diver, Lefty’s Deceiver, Clouser Minnow, and Woolly Bugger. One of the things that all these flies have in common is that they work not only for one species of fish, but for a variety
of fish, as well.
I have tied every one of these flies and a lot of other well known patterns and
have used them with success. Being a multi species fly fisherman, I always try to find that one
pattern that will effectively catch anything and everything. There are times I sit at my tying desk trying to come up with a fly that will do this, and most of the time what I come up with works for some species but not others.
Then one winter night, at the beginning of 1995, I sat down to tie a new leech pattern for
walleyes. I knew I wanted a bit of weight up front to make the fly swim in an up-and-down
motion but not sink like a rock, so I decided some gold bead chain would be perfect and tied it on top of the hook near the front. Then, I took my favourite tying material, marabou, and tied it
in for a tail. I had two materials for my new fly but couldn’t figure out what to use for the rest of it. My eyes wandered around my tying room looking for something that I could use, and I
stopped at the dubbing. I thought if I put that material in a dubbing loop and wrapped it around
the shank and over the eyes that it should look pretty good. I proceeded with the dubbing and
examined the finished fly, but there was just something about it that didn’t look right.
I left the fly in the vise and got up to get a cup of coffee. On my way back, I figured out what was wrong with it; the hair of the dubbing wasn’t long enough. I went through every packet of
dubbing only to find the same result: all the hair was too short. I went to every store in the city
looking for the correct dubbing and couldn’t find what I was looking for. Not one supplier of
dubbing had the correct length.
Like any obsessed fly tier, I improvised. I went to the local tackle store’s fly tying
department to see if they had some rabbit skins, hoping to find some longer hair. Perfect! I took
the skins home and started cutting the hair from the skin, with a pair of scissors—time consuming to say the least but well worth it. I put all the hair into a large plastic bag to ready it for blending. I got my coffee grinder out, along with some Static Guard, and mixed a small amount of dubbing for the next couple of flies.
The length of hair improved the look of the fly by 200 %, but there was still
a nagging feeling that something was missing. Then I thought of one of my fishing analogies
that I use to talk about fly selection: “When a person is in a room of brunettes, you
really don’t notice anyone until a blonde person walks in the room. Your eye is naturally
attracted to that person because of the brighter color of hair.” So it is with fish; if they see a bit
of flash on a fly, it will get the fish’s attention. Fish are generally attracted to and curious about a little flash. As a result, the fish will usually swim over to it and see if it is good to eat, greatly
increasing your chances for a strike.
With so many flash materials on the market, I had to figure out what type of flash material
would blend easily with the dubbing and be able to move in the water. There was only one type
of flash enhancer I could think of, and that was Diamond Dub Holographic. It was the right
length out of the package and subtle enough to have movement in the water. Diamond Dub Holographic (hence the name DDH Leech), is a fine fiber that can be dubbed by itself or used as an enhancer in different dubbing blends.To make my brown dubbing I start by using equal amounts of red, yellow, and bright orange dubbing. I then blend the three colors in a coffee grinder. Before putting the hair in the grinder, I spray a small amount of Static Guard in it to alleviate static buildup during the blending process. The color that is produced is a remarkable orange that can be used by itself, or you can start to add a bit of black to it to darken it to a brown color; the more black you put in the darker brown you make. If you want an outstanding claret, you would blend black, red, and fuschia. DDH dubbing is available in the U.S. as Ultra Holographic Dubbing here and here.
I blended some
dark brown Diamond Dub Holographic with the black rabbit and was really excited by the
outcome. I tied up the first fly and I was pumped, so much so that I tied another 11, for an even dozen.
Putting It to the Test
You may think I was crazy to tie a dozen flies that had never been tested but I had a good
feeling about this one and believe it or not, there is a method to my madness. When the
opening of the 1995 season rolled around, I called five of my friends and told them that I had a
new fly that I wanted them to try out. Each angler got two of the flies and the results of that
June weekend blew my mind.
One of the guys went to a stocked rainbow trout lake and landed 67 trout over two days of
fishing, with the largest trout taping at 30 inches. Another friend went for smallmouths, and he was ecstatic, landing huge numbersof bass in three days of fishing. The third person went to the west side of Manitoba, where the rainbows and browns average 22-25 inches and caught a ton of fish, all on the DDH. The other two guys went out for pike and lost three of the flies on fish and brought the last one back with only the bead chain eyes and about four strands
of marabou left on the fly. I couldn’t believe this fly caught so many fish!
I had to wait until the following Tuesday to try the new leech pattern. I decided to
fish the Bird River, on the east side of my home province of Manitoba, and left early enough to
be on the water by 6:00 A.M. The water looked terrific as I raced to get into my waders and rig
my rod. The cool thing about this spot is that, if you cast to the left shoreline, you will catch pike and if you cast to the right you catch walleyes. I hammered both species. What a debut from this fly!
Later in the week, while sitting on my patio, I got to thinking about this fly and the results from
the previous weekend of fishing and wondered if this was some kind of fluke. There was only
one way to find out: get some more DDH Leeches into other fly fisher’s hands. So, I tied another
dozen and gave them to six more fly fishing friends to try them out. They all caught fish and not
just bass, pike, and walleyes. They caught those but a few more species were added as well:
channel cats, carp, freshwater drum, sauger, and goldeye. I was speechless! Never in
a million years did I think one of my flies would catch that many and such a variety of fish this
I needed to tie it in different colors to continue the experiment. I tied them in, purple, pink, olive, and the original black and I sent them to friends across Canada, from B.C. to Prince Edward Island. The feedback was beautiful: steelhead and Pacific salmon, as well as cutthroat, golden, lake, and brook Trout. In less than 10 years, virtually every species of fish that swims in
Canada was caught on this fly.
In Fort Lauderdale, during a cruise with my wife, I showed this pattern to a couple of fly
fishermen who work in the fly fishing department of the Bass Pro Shop. They gushed over the
flies like a kid over chocolate. The first fly they picked up was the brown DDH, then the tan, and
finally the olive. They both said they could nail saltwater species on these flies. I left the store
about two dozen flies lighter, and I’m really glad I did. Seems like the saltwater fish like them too.
I have sent this fly to Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, England, Scotland, Ireland, Malaysia, New Zealand, all across Canada and the U.S., and it has taken fish in each of these countries. To date, there have been 80 different species of fish in both fresh and salt water that have fallen prey to the seductive powers of the DDH Leech.
In salt water, this fly has taken bonefish, permit, snook, tarpon, redfish, greenling, and two
types of flounder. In freshwater, the list is quite extensive and includes, to name a few,
crappie, all types of panfish, all species of trout and char, pike, palleye, all species of bass,
carp, channel cats, freshwater drum, bigmouth buffalo, red tail catfish, pacu, and barramundi. The DDH Leech just flat out catches fish.
Hook (freshwater): 2X-long nymph hook (here a Talon SA-163c), sizes 4 through 8.
Hook (saltwater): Mustad 34007, sizes 4 through 8.
Thread #1: Size A rod-wrapping thread.
Eyes: Bead chain, sized to fly and for desired sink rate.
Thread #2: 3/0, color to match body.
Body: DDH dubbing or blend.
This is a very simple fly to tie but there are a few details spelled out below that will ensure the
fly is as tantalizing and durable as possible. Let’s start with the hook. I used to tie this fly on a
Mustad 3399 hook but have switched to a Talon SA-163C horizontal-loop-eye hook. The Talon
hook has a flat area toward the back taper of the loop, which seats the bead-chain eyes and
makes them more secure. Plus, this hook is 2X-stout and has never straightened out on me
while fighting a big fish.
Put the hook in the vise, and start the rod-wrapping thread at the
hook eye and wrap back about two hook eye lengths or, on the Talon, to the flat spot. Attach
the bead chain eyes with three or four figure 8 wraps and then make 3 circular wraps between the bead chain eyes and the hook shank. These pinch the figure 8
wraps, making them tighter so the eyes do not move at all. Tie off the rod wrapping thread, and tie
on 3/0 monocord for the rest of the fly.
The next step is selecting the marabou for the tail. The feather has to be long enough to be tied
in right behind the bead chain eyes and extend past the bend of the hook: 1 to 1 ½ times the
hook shank length. Tying the stem and fibers of the feather down the length of the shank
behind the eyes keeps the body diameter consistent and provides a secure foundation
for wrapping the dubbing-loop body. Tying in a clump of marabou at the bend of the hook will
form a short hump which will be susceptible to turning when you wrap the dubbing body and/or after
a few fish eat it.
The length of the tail is paramount, as well. If it’s too short, there is no action, but too long and
you will get short strikes from the smaller species of fish. After measuring the marabou to the
proper length, tie it in right behind the eyes and wrap the thread back toward the tail over the
feather and hook shank until you are above the point of the barb; then wrap back toward the
eyes, securing all the loose marabou fibers. After this point wrap the thread ¼ of the way to the
point of the hook. You are now ready for the next step, making a dubbing loop.
To form the dubbing loop, extend the thread so it is approximately 12 inches long, and then fold the
thread in half, place the dubbing twister on the midpoint of the thread, and hold while bringing
the bobbin back up to the hook shank. Wrap the thread three turns around the hook shank to
secure it. Continue wrapping the thread back toward the tail at the same time, capturing and
tying down both legs of the loop until the thread is at the rear of the body above the point of
the barb. Do a half hitch at this point to anchor the dubbing loop, and then take the thread back
up to the hook eye and place a half hitch.
Get the dubbing blend and place small bunches at a time up against one another crosswise in
between the two threads that form the loop until there is a line of dubbing filling the length of
the loop. Take the dubbing twister and spin the loop tight.
After the dubbing loop is twisted tight, you have what is called a dubbing noodle or dubbing
brush. With the twister still in place, hold the noodle taut and use a dubbing teaser such as
Velcro glued to a clothes pin or a small battery brush and brush/tease out the loose fibers from
the newly formed dubbing noodle. Twist the noodle 3 to 4 more times to ensure the tightness
of the loop.
When you make thefirst wrap of the noodle around the shank above the barb, remember to
comb the fibres back with your fingers as you continue to wrap to the eyes. Once you reach the eyes, do a figure 8 wrap around the eyes and you should have approximately 2
inches of the noodle left over.
This next step is just as critical as the length of the tail. Make 2 or 3 wraps of the noodle right
behind the eyes in the same place. Then bring the remaining loop forward underneath and tie it off at the hook eye. Comb all fibers out of the way while making the head, and then whip finish. Once
the fly is finished, get the brush and brush out any trapped fibers. Then brush the hair
toward the tail. The fly is now ready for head cement.
The reason for the extra wraps of the noodle right behind the eyes is to create a bigger
diameter at the front or head of the body. The water is pushed over the head, creating a turbulent flow over the fly which, in turn, creates a flow over the marabou tail and giving
this fly amazing action in the water.
The last item to discuss is the dubbing itself. Most tiers will only use what is available from
suppliers, which I find too short. Therefore I am cutting hair off rabbit skins until my fingers are
raw. It is the only way I know of to get the length of hair required. I have used other materials,
angora and llama are two, but in tying this fly nothing compares to long rabbit. There are some
colors—black, white, red, yellow, and blue—I use that come right off the hide. These are primary
colors, and no other colors in the world can be used to blend these. I will also use fluorescent
colors right off the skins, but the rest of the colors I use are blended. My brown dubbing, for
instance, has no actual brown hair in the dubbing. It is a mixture of colors that when combined
make brown. I can mix virtually any shade of brown from a light tan to the darkest brown just
by blending the colors in different quantities. I can lighten, darken, and even make a pastel type
of color to exactly imitate any type of fish food.
The reason I do this came to me back in 1974 when I really started to notice the different colors
that make up individual aquatic insects. As an example a Hex nymph is not one solid color, it
has grey, tan, and brown. In fact, every living thing in and out of water is a mixture of colors. So, the best way to come close to duplicating nature with
your dubbing is to blend multiple colors to give an appearance of a solid.
How many variations can this fly be tied in? Well, that just depends on your imagination? I tie
these flies in one solid color (blended to give the impression of a solid, of course) as well as
what I call DDH Heads which are two tone flies or what people call egg sucking leeches. For the
DDH Head patterns, what some tiers call egg sucking leeches, I usually use contrasting colors
such as chartreuse and black, yellow and red, white and pink, etc.
Stu Thompson lives in Manitoba, Canada, where he is a freelance writer, fly casting instructor, and avid angler. You can buy DDH Leeches directly from Stu ($3 each) by emailing the colors you want to email@example.com.
8 thoughts on “How to Tie the DDH Leech, Which Will Catch Almost Anything”
chought more Fish With bare Hook
Stu, I am one of those fly tiers that has much too much “stuff” in my fly-tying room. I have picked up my share of road kills! I’m a fly tier junkie! I read about all the different materials you use to blend and tie this particular pattern. I have bought just about all of those materials myself. However, where I’m going today to get FREE materials for tying some of my flies is: PETCO. You can get all the free dog hair you want. The nice thing is that they shave the dogs after washing them, so the hair fibers are clean. You can cut the dog hare different lengths, mix them in a old food blender, and you can use the guard hairs as well as the undercoating. If you have the notion, please try some and let me know how it worked for you. Now I’m going to tie a few of your DDH Leaches using my dog hair>
For everyone using a lot of Hare and Rabbit hair for dubbing . you need three things to make your job easier:
a inexpensive beard trimmer ( my idea ) , Canned air and a plastic Ziploc bag . ( Courtesy of Charlie Craven’s book ) trim the entire skin or mask put in the bag and stick the red tube in the bag close tight around tube usually only takes a few bursts perfect blend with the air . pretty amazing
Great….stuff….I have a tabby cat (30lbs) he is a Morris the cat from Friskys cat food…..so one day while I
was brushing him I took his hair and used it for dubbing for my clouser crawfish…a week later our club was
having a outing on the Fox River for smallies and all they heard FISH ON……12 in a row on 12 casts…..
and got more through out the day…..so the moral here LOVE THY PET….(only to a point of course)